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America is the second continent 's largest planet, after Asia. Occupies much of the Western Hemisphere of the Earth. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Cape Horn to the south, at the confluence of the oceans Atlantic and Pacific, which in turn define the continent to the east and west, respectively. With an area of more than 42 million km ², is the second largest land mass of the planet, covering 8.3% of the total area of the planet and 30.2% of the landmass, and also concentrates near the 12% of the human population. Because of its large size and its geographic, America is traditionally divided North America, Central America, the Caribbean and South America. Some geographers consider Central America and the Caribbean as a subregion of North America. Given its cultural characteristics, are distinguished Anglo-Saxon America and Latin America .